April 24, 2017


Haynes-Apperson Co. (1898-1904)

Haynes Automobile Co. (1905-1925)

Kokomo, Indiana

This is a Haynes radiator emblem (c1917-1924)     mjs
Size: 66mm high 64mm wide    MM: D L Auld

In the autumn of 1893, Elwood P. Haynes took a single-cylinder marine engine to the Riverside Machine Works in Kokomo, operated by the Apperson brothers, and asked them to build him a motor car. The car that they built first ran in the streets of Kokomo on July 4, 1894. Elwood Haynes forever after referred to this car as the first car in America, even though he knew that John Lambert had run a car in 1891, and the Apperson brothers were never mentioned. However, the Haynes and Apperson partnership continued in a casual way and a few Haynes-Apperson cars were built.

In 1898 the Haynes-Apperson Company was organized and a new factory was secured later that year. In 1899 a Haynes-Apperson was driven from Kokomo to New York and in 1901 the trip was repeated in 73 hours, which Haynes claimed was a speed record. The Haynes-Apperson was a fine automobile and won a blue ribbon in the Long Island Endurance Run and two first prizes in the New York-Rochester Endurance Contest in 1901. Later in 1901 the Appersons and Haynes parted company and in July 1902 the first Apperson arrived (see Apperson).

Elwood Haynes continued the Haynes-Apperson name until June 1904 when the car became simply Haynes. The company was reorganized as Haynes Automobile Company in September 1905. By 1906 all Haynes cars were four-cylinder models. A six-cylinder model was added in 1913 and a V-12 made its debut at the New York Automobile Show in January 1916. The Haynes V-12 or Light Twelve, as it was called, was continued in production through 1922. But financial difficulties arose in 1921 and the company began reducing prices but was bankrupt by late 1924 and all production ceased in 1925, the same year that Elwood Haynes died.


The first Haynes-Apperson models did not have a front hood and were too early to have carried radiator emblems but did carry a small maker's nameplate, see example below. These Haynes-Apperson nameplates were usually attached to the body at the rear of the vehicle or under the front seat. Original Haynes-Apperson nameplates are extremely rare.

This is a Haynes-Apperson nameplate (c1901)     mjs
Size: 103mm wide 30mm high

The following Haynes-Apperson advertisement from 1904 shows the introduction of a hood over the engine and a conventional radiator. The car appears to carry a side decal but this is not confirmed:

This is a Haynes-Apperson ad from 1904 showing a possible side decal    ms

Some 1904 Haynes-Apperson models carried brass scripts attached to the radiator core. The following original, finely detailed brass Haynes-Apperson radiator script is extremely rare:

This is a Haynes-Apperson radiator script (c1904)   mjs
Size: 161mm wide 126mm high

The Haynes-Apperson emblem shown below is a reproduction emblem. The Haynes-Apperson did not have a regular radiator emblem.

This is a reproduction Haynes-Apperson emblem    ms

After the change in name to "Haynes" later in 1904, Haynes cars displayed brass "Haynes" scripts attached to the radiator core, see examples below:

This is a Haynes radiator script (c1906)     mjs
Size: 400mm wide

The following 1907 Haynes advertisement shows the Haynes Vanderbilt Model V with a large Haynes radiator script using a different lettering style:

Haynes Model V showing radiator script (1907)   classicspeedsters

A smaller Haynes radiator script is also seen on the following original period photo from 1908 of a Haynes Model W:

This is a 1908 Haynes Model W showing radiator script   ms

The brass radiator script shown below is a very different design:

This is a Haynes radiator script (dates unknown)     mjs
Size: 126mm wide

I do not know when this script was first used on a Haynes car but it too may have been as early as 1905, as the same style of lettering was used as a logo in Haynes advertisements from 1905, see example below:

This is a Haynes ad from 1905 showing the Haynes script logo   ms

This Haynes script was also used as an emblem soldered directly to the radiator tank top. This script radiator emblem was certainly in use by 1910 and possibly earlier, see the original photo taken at a Detroit Auto Show in 1910 and a very original surviving Haynes from 1911 both shown below:

Haynes car with rad script at Detroit Auto Show (1910)   dpl

This is a Haynes Speedster with a script radiator emblem (1911)  kam

The latest example I can find of a Haynes advertisement with an illustration of a car showing this script radiator emblem dates from 1913, see example below:

This is a Haynes ad showing the script emblem (1913)

Close up showing Haynes script emblem (1913)

This script continued to be used in Haynes advertisements up to 1920, even though a very different Haynes logo was being used from 1914, when Haynes advertisements began to include the Haynes radiator emblem shown above at the top of this post, see example shown below:

Haynes ad showing a radiator emblem (1914) ebay
Close up showing radiator emblem (1914)

Based on this evidence, I suggest that the first Haynes enamel radiator emblem may have appeared in 1913 ahead of the 1914 model year. The same design with variations continued in use until 1925.

The following may have been the first enamel Haynes radiator emblem:

This is a scarce early Haynes radiator emblem (c1912)    mjs
Size: 76mm high 76mm wide   MM: Unknown

Other examples of enameled Haynes radiator emblems are shown below with approximate dates of use:

This is a very rare red enameled Haynes radiator emblem (1914)     mjs
Size: 76mm high 74mm wide   MM: Unknown

This is a very rare Haynes radiator emblem with a domed center panel (1916)   ehm
Size: 76mm high 73mm wide   MM: Unknown (some Greenduck)

This is a side view of the domed emblem shown above (1916)   ehm

This is a Haynes radiator emblem (c1917-1924)    mjs
Size: 66mm high 64mm wide   MM: D L Auld

Beware, there are reproductions of the Haynes radiator emblem shown above. There is a Pulfer reproduction with a flat back and no maker's mark. There is also a Greenland reproduction with the characteristic tapped and threaded stud on the back and no maker's mark.

This is a scarce Haynes Light Twelve radiator emblem (1916-1922)    mjs
Size: 66mm high 64mm wide   MM: Unknown

This is a scarce Haynes Model 60 radiator emblem (1924-1925)     mjs
Size: 60mm diameter  MM: Unknown

The emblem with a domed center panel is very rare, as is the red enameled emblem. These emblems may have been used on limited production models. The Haynes Light Twelve emblem is scarce, as total production of the Light Twelve was less than 650. The round emblem used on the Haynes Model 60, which was the last Haynes car before production ceased, is also scarce.

The following Haynes emblem is a mystery. It is slightly smaller in diameter than the Haynes Model 60 emblem shown above and is more crudely made. The particular example in the following photo appears to have been restored with paint and may have been painted originally but I cannot confirm this. 

This appears to be a Haynes emblem (date uncertain, poss 1925) kmc
Size: 57mm diameter    MM: None

It is possible that this emblem was used on left over Model 60 units after normal production had ceased in 1925, but, again, I cannot confirm this. If you have better information regarding this Haynes emblem. please let me know, in order to update this post.

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