June 03, 2020

OGREN

Ogren Motor Car Co. (1915-1916)

Chicago, Illinois

Ogren Motor Works, Inc. (1916-1917)

Waukegan, Illinois

Ogren Motor Car Co. (1920-1923)

Milwaukee, Wisconsin


This is a radiator emblem for an Ogren Six built in Chicago (1915-1916)    mjs
Size: 65mm high 65mm wide   MM: Unknown

Hugo W Ogren organized the Ogren Motor Car Company in late 1914. Initially, the company built one-off race cars sold under the name H.W.O. after Ogren's initials. A 34 hp six-cylinder touring car was offered in 1915 but only four prototypes were built. The company was reorganized as the Ogren Motor Works, Inc. in 1916 and production moved to a large new factory in Waukegan. A full line of 34 hp six-cylinder cars was offered in 1916 and 1917. But Ogren ran out of cash and had to sell his company.

In late 1919 Hugo Ogren re-established the Ogren Motor Car Company in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The new 65 hp Ogren Six that appeared in 1920 was bigger, more jazzy in appearance and more expensive than the earlier Ogren and at 70 hp was larger again in 1922. Hugo Ogren left the company in 1922 and production of the Ogren ceased, although a few remaining Ogren cars were sold in 1923. Total production of the Ogren was 306 cars.

Emblems

Very few Ogren cars were built in Chicago before the change to Ogren Motor Works and the move to Waukegan in 1916, making the blue and yellow enamel Ogren radiator emblem shown above at the top of this post extremely rare.

I have not seen a radiator emblem for the Ogren built at Waukegan for the Ogren Motor Works in 1916-1917. If you have any details, please let me know, in order to update this post. If such a radiator emblem exists it would be extremely rare.

The blue and yellow enamel radiator emblem for the Ogren Six built in Milwaukee shown below is very rare.

This is a radiator emblem for the Ogren Six built in Milwaukee (1920-1922)    mjs
Size: 65mm high 65mm wide    MM: Unknown 

The emblem shown below is an Ogren hub emblem, which has been used and is very rare.

This is an Ogren hub emblem (date unknown)    mjs
Size: 54mm high 46mm wide    MM: None





MASON ROAD KING

Mason Motor Truck Co. (1922-1925)

Flint, Michigan


This is a Mason Road King truck radiator emblem (1922-1925)      mjs
Size: 79mm high 79mm wide    MM: Robbins

After his final departure from General Motors, William Durant set out to build a new auto empire called Durant Motors. As part of this enterprise, he introduced the Star motor car in 1922 along with a Star delivery van and depot wagon. At the same time, together with A. C. Mason, he established the Mason Motor Truck Company to enter the larger truck market.

The first Mason Road King was a 1-ton model powered by a 25.6 hp four-cylinder engine. The capacity of the Mason Road King was increased to 1-1/2-tons in 1923. The Mason Road King ceased production in 1925, when Durant Motors decided to concentrate their commercial vehicle production on the Star truck line.

Emblem

The red enamel Mason radiator emblem shown above is very rare.

Mason Motor Truck Company factory illustrations also show a similar shaped emblem or decal together with a "Road King" nameplate on the sides of the truck near the driver's door, see photo of a restored Mason Road King truck shown below:

This is a Mason Road King truck (1924)    sm

This is a close up showing the side emblem decal and nameplate (1924)     sm







SUNSET

Sunset Automobile Co. (1900-1906)

San Francisco, California

Victory Motor Car Co. (1906-1913)

San Jose, California


This is a Sunset 30 radiator script (1909)      sam
Size: 365mm wide

The Sunset Automobile Company started in 1900 by producing a small steam runabout. A new 10 hp two-cylinder gasoline engine powered Sunset runabout replaced the Sunset steamer in 1904. Touring and surrey models joined the roadster model early in 1906, together with a new 20 hp four-cylinder car. But then disaster struck and the Sunset factory was destroyed by the San Franciso earthquake in April 1906.

The Sunset Automobile Company teamed up with the Knapp Manufacturing Company and the Victory Motor Car Company took over production of the Sunset at a new factory built in San Jose. Three 15 hp Sunset models were offered for 1907, a two-cylinder runabout, a three-cylinder runabout and a three-cylinder touring. A new roadster model was introduced in 1908, which had some success in local racing events. A new Model 30 appeared in 1909 and was available in roadster and touring body styles.

The history of the Sunset after 1909 is confused. Some references suggest that production of the Sunset did not proceed into 1910, when the key figures in the management left the company. The Standard Catalog refers to a 1913 report that the Sunset was being built under the aegis of the California Motor Car Company but the Sunset factory in San Jose was sold that year.

Emblems

Early Sunset steamer and gasoline cars did not have a radiator and would not have carried an emblem but most likely did have a small maker's nameplate attached to the body.

Later Sunset models probably displayed a brass radiator script, as was the case for the Sunset Model 30 in 1909, see example shown above at the top of this post. Original Sunset radiator scripts are very rare.

It is possible that some later Sunset models had a radiator emblem but I cannot confirm this. If you have any details of a Sunset radiator emblem, please let me know, in order to update this post.


PAIGE-DETROIT/PAIGE

Paige-Detroit Motor Car Co. (1909-1927)

Graham-Paige Motors Corp. (1928 and 1931)

Detroit, Michigan


This is a Paige radiator emblem (1919-1927)      mjs
Size: 100mm wide 43mm high   MM: Unknown

The Paige-Detroit was a 25 hp three-cylinder two-passenger roadster designed by Andrew Bachle and promoted by Fred O. Paige, who had previously been president of the Reliance Motor Car Company. Harry M. Jewett was interested to get into the automotive business and, after taking a test drive in the roadster, he decided to provide cash to help set up the Paige-Detroit Motor Car Company in 1909 with Fred Paige as president.

Production of the Paige-Detroit began in late 1909 but the car was not very good. Harry Jewett removed Fred Paige, installed himself as president, stopped the production line and had the car re-engineered. The new car for 1911 was a 25 hp four-cylinder car offered as a small two-passenger roadster similar to the Paige-Detroit or as a longer wheelbase model in three body styles. The car name was changed to Paige.

By 1912 the Paige was offered in a variety body styles, including several open sports cars. The Paige was well received and production rose from 4,631 cars in 1914 to 12,456 cars in 1916. A six-cylinder model appeared in 1915 and only sixes were produced from 1916.

The first Paige commercial car was a 2-ton capacity model, which appeared in 1918. This model was upgraded to 2-1/2-ton capacity in 1919 and was joined by a 3-1/2-ton capacity model. A 1-1/2-ton capacity commercial car appeared in 1921 but passenger cars only were produced after 1923. 

The Paige passenger cars became known for their styling and the company used the slogan "The Most Beautiful Car in America". Paige also took advantage of its sporting achievements. In 1921 Ralph Mulford drove a stripped down Paige roadster to a one-mile straightaway speed record of 102.83mph at Daytona Beach and Paige offered a sporty three-passenger roadster in 1922. A smaller companion car called the Jewett appeared in 1922 and was available through 1926 (see Jewett).

Paige survived the post First World War depression, although sales did reduce in 1921 and 1922. But the introduction of the Jewett boosted sales again by 1923 and the company was in 10th place in the industry by 1925. However, sales dropped again in 1926 and the company lost money.

Harry Jewett sold the company to the Graham brothers in 1927 and it became the Graham-Paige Motors Corporation. The Paige name continued as a 1928 model to use up parts in hand and in 1931 a Graham-Paige express pick-up commercial car was marketed as a Paige (see Graham-Paige).

Emblems

The first Paige-Detroit cars did not carry a radiator emblem but did display a brass radiator script. I believe the script would have been a "Paige-Detroit" script but I can fnd no evidence of this script before 1911, see later below.

The earliest illustration showing the front of a Paige-Detroit car appears in a 1910 article in the Cycle and Automobile Trade Journal and shows a "Paige" radiator script. Original "Paige" radiator scripts are be extremely rare.

This illustration shows a "Paige" radiator script (1910)     catj

The same "Paige" radiator script is seen on an original 1910 photo of a Paige-Detroit car, see below:

This is a Paige-Detroit showing the radiator script (1910)     dpl

Close up showing a "Paige" radiator script (1910)

Early Paige-Detroit advertisements from 1910 and early 1911 include a "Paige-Detroit" script logo, see examples below:

This is a Paige-Detroit ad showing a script logo (1910)     catj

This is a Paige-Detroit advertisement showing the radiator script (1911)    ms

The following photo shows a surviving 1911 Paige-Detroit with the "Paige-Detroit" radiator script and an incorrect emblem. It is, of course, possible that the radiator script may have been added later, perhaps at the time that the incorrect emblem was attached.

This is a Paige-Detroit showing a radiator script (1911)     paulsen

This "Paige-Detroit" radiator script is not seen on original photos but may have been used from 1909 until the change to "Paige" in late 1910 or 1911 but I cannot confirm this. Original "Paige-Detroit" radiator scripts are be extremely rare.

The small oval, white and blue enamel Paige emblem shown below is a mystery:

This appears to be as Paige radiator emblem (dates unknown, poss 1910-1912)  caam
Size: Unknown   MM: Unknown

I do not know, if or when this emblem was used on a Paige car. It may be a reproduction emblem but it does have the appearance of an original Paige car emblem. The style of the word "Paige" is the same as the Paige word in the early Paige-Detroit script shown earlier above. This indicates that this emblem may have been the first to be used when the car name was changed to Paige in 1910/1911, and, presumably before the decision to change the style of a new capital letter "PAIGE" radiator script for 1912.

Another possibility is that this was a trial emblem design, which was not used. If this emblem was indeed a Paige car emblem, it would be extremely rare.

A circular Paige-Detroit radiator emblem appears in original photos of Paige-Detroit cars from 1911, see example shown below:

This is a Paige-Detroit showing a circular radiator emblem (1911)    dpl

This Paige-Detroit radiator emblem is also shown on advertisements in 1911, see example below, which also shows what appears to be a new capital letters "PAIGE-DETROIT" radiator script design, although I have not seen an example of this script used on a car.

This Paige-Detroit ad shows the radiator emblem (1911)   sep

Close up showing the Paige-Detroit radiator emblem (1911)     sep

The circular brass Paige-Detroit radiator emblem illustrated above was used on all 25 hp and later Model 25 Paige-Detroit cars up to 1914. This Paige-Detroit radiator emblem is found painted red and black or black only, as shown below, and is very rare.

This is a Paige-Detroit radiator emblem (1911-1914)    mjs
Size:  57mm diameter   MM: Unknown (poss None)

The brass capital letter "PAIGE" radiator script shown below is in evidence from 1912 and continued in use until 1918: 

This is a Paige radiator script (1912-1918)    mjs
Size: 192mm wide

There was a new large oval shaped enamel Paige radiator emblem from 1914, and just possibly from late 1913 but I cannot confirm the 1913 date, see illustration shown below:

This illustration shows a Paige radiator emblem design (1914)   hcg

The cover of the Paige Model 4-36 Reference Book for 1914 also shows the new radiator emblem design on the cover:


This is a Paige Model 4-36 Reference Book showing the radiator emblem (1914)   bk

There is also a Paige emblem of the same or very similar design attached to the top of the radiator of a surviving 1914 Paige car but with the date "1914" on the emblem, as shown below:

This appears to be an original Paige radiator emblem (1914)    bk
Size: Unknown   MM: Unknown

This emblem is reported to be original but may, of course, be a special emblem made much later to adorn a 1914 Paige car.

The advertisement shown below appeared in late 1914 for 1915 Paige models and shows a large oval radiator emblem similar to the emblem above, although the detail is not clear.

This is a 1914 Paige advertisement for 1915 models showing a large oval emblem    ms

The same large oval Paige radiator emblem is depicted on the cover of a 1915 Paige brochure, see below:

This is a Paige brochure cover showing oval rad emblem (1915)  itsnotrust

The following original photos show the oval emblem on 1915 six-cylinder vee-shaped radiators:

Paige showing a large oval radiator emblem (c1915)     wcroberts

Paige car showing a large oval radiator emblem (1915)     hippostcard

Apart from the 1914 emblem shown earlier above, I do not have a good photo of the large oval Paige emblem, which appears to have been used from 1914-1915 and which is extremely rare. If you have a photo, please send details to me in order to update this post.

In 1916, the design of the Paige radiator emblem was changed to a diamond-shaped emblem in blue and white enamel with the Paige word in the same style as the "PAIGE" radiator script shown earlier. There are several varieties of this Paige radiator emblem design, which continued in use until 1928, see examples shown above at the top of this post and below.

The diamond-shaped Paige radiator emblem design was patented in October 1918. Paige radiator emblems dated after late 1918 are marked ""Reg. U.S. Pat. Off."

Most Paige radiator emblems used in the 1916-1920 period were riveted to the radiator header tank and have two fixing holes. A separate steel radiator shell was introduced on some Paige models in 1919 and more widely by 1921. Paige radiator emblems attached to these radiator shells do not have fixing holes.

The following blue and white enamel Paige radiator emblem with a sunburst design behind the blue enamel and holes for fixing screws is believed to have been the first of these new radiator emblems and is rare:

This is a Paige radiator emblem (1916-1918)      mjs
Size: 100mm wide 44mm high    MM: None

The following is a white and opaque blue enamel Paige radiator emblem with holes for fixing. This Paige radiator emblem is scarce.

This is a Paige radiator emblem (1917-1918)     zac
Size: 101mm wide 44mm high    MM: Unknown

The following is a white and transparent blue enamel Paige radiator emblem with holes for fixing. This Paige radiator emblenm is scarce.

This is a Paige radiator emblem (1917-1918)      dnc
Size: 101mm wide 43mm high    MM: Unknown

The following is a white and blue enamel Paige radiator emblem with holes for fixing and a patent reference inscription. This Paige radiator emblem is scarce.

This is a Paige radiator emblem (1918-1920)      kmc
Size: 102mm wide  44mm high   MM: Bastian Bros

The following is a blue and white enamel Paige radiator emblem with holes for fixing and patent reference. This Paige radiator emblem is rare.

This is a Paige radiator emblem (1918-1920)      zac
Size: 102mm wide 44mm high    MM: Unknown

The following white enamel Paige radiator emblems with blue enamel letters without fixing holes show three different sizes of the "Reg U.S. Pat. Off." inscription:

This is a Paige radiator emblem with small sized inscription (1919-1927)   mjs
Size: 100mm wide 44mm high     MM: D L Auld

This is a Paige radiator emblem with medium sized inscription (1919-1927)    mjs
Size: 100mm wide 45mm high    MM: Unknown (poss D L Auld)

This is a Paige radiator emblem with large inscription (1919-1927)     mjs
Size: 100mm wide 45mm high    MM: Unknown (poss D L Auld)

The following blue enamel Paige radiator emblems with white enamel letters without fixing holes show the same three sizes of the "Reg. U.S. Pat. Off." inscription as the white enamel emblems shown above. These blue enamel Paige radiator emblems are scarce.

This is a Paige radiator emblem with small inscription (1919-1927)    mjs
Size: 100mm wide 44mm high    MM: Unknown

This is a Paige radiator emblem with medium sized inscription (1919-1927)  zac
Size:102mm wide 44mm high     MM: Unknown

This is a Paige radiator emblem with large sized inscription (1919-1927)  kmc
Size: 102mm wide 44mm high    MM: Unknown

The following white enamel Paige radiator emblem with blue enamel letters without fixing holes has "Detroit U.S.A." under the patent reference inscription. This Paige radiator emblem has been seen on a surviving 1927 Model 6-75 and may have been used for export models. This Paige radiator emblem is rare.

This is a Paige radiator emblem for an export model (c1927)     kmc
Size: Unknown (poss 102mm wide 44mm high)     MM: Unknown

The following pale blue and blue enamel Paige radiator emblem, with the inscription "Graham Built" in place of the patent inscription, was used on a limited number of Paige cars assembled from parts on hand in late 1927, after the take over of the Paige company by Graham Brothers. These cars were marketed as "1928 First Series". This Paige radiator emblem is very rare. 

This is a Paige radiator emblem (late 1927)      pinterest
Size: Unknown      MM: Unknown

There is also a much smaller diamond-shaped, white enamel Paige emblem with blue enamel letters in a slightly different style, see example below. This small Paige emblem was mounted on the dash board instrument panel on the larger Paige models, for example, Model 6-72.

This is a Paige dash emblem (1926-1927)     mjs
Size: 42mm wide 20mm high   MM: None

Paige motor trucks built from 1918 to 1923 displayed the "PAIGE" name on decal emblems attached to the front bumper and on both cab side panels under the windows. These decal emblems are shown in black and white on Paige advertisements, so the actual color is unknown. 

The earliest Paige trucks from 1918-1919, displayed the "PAIGE" name in a large diamond shaped decal, see examples below:

This is a Paige truck ad showing the front bumper decal emblem (1919)  ms

Close up showing the decal emblem on the bumper (1919)

Close up of Paige truck ad showing cab side decal emblem (1918)    sep


From late 1919 to 1923, the Paige truck emblem was changed to a large oval shaped decal, see example below:

This is a Paige truck showing bumper emblem (1921)   sep

Close up showin the bumper decal emblem (1921)     sep 

This is a restored Paige truck showing the cab side decal emblem (c1919-20) brian brown

The Paige name ceased to be used from 1928, except for 1931, when the name was resurrected by Graham-Paige Motors Corporation for an express pick-up commercial car using the rare radiator emblem shown below:

This is a Paige Commercial Car radiator emblem (1930-1932)    mjs
Size: 66mm high 35mm wide   MM: None

If you have further more detailed information about any of the Paige-Detroit or Paige emblems discussed above, please let me know, in order to update this post.



May 21, 2020

REVERE

Revere Motor Car Corp. (1918-1922)

Revere Motor Car Co. (1923-1926)

Logansport, Indiana


This is believed to be the first ReVere radiator emblem (1918-1919)    sam
Size: 65mm diameter   MM: Unknown

The Revere, or ReVere as it was initially spelled, was an expensive high-powered, high-performance car using a modified four-cylinder Duesenberg engine. A few pilot ReVere cars appeared in 1918 and one of these was driven around America by Cannonball Baker as a promotional event. Full production began in 1919 with the Model A offered in touring, roadster and Victoria body styles. The King of Spain bought the first Victoria model.

In late December 1920 Revere was petitioned into bankruptcy by some creditors. There followed an investigation into fraud related to stock selling and Revere collapsed.

A new group took over and reorganized as the Revere Motor Company in February 1923 and production resumed. A six-cylinder touring model was added for 1925 but the fraud scandal had so damaged the reputation of Revere that it was all over in 1926. Total production of the Revere was 247 cars.

Emblems

It appears that the Revere people took some time to decide on a name for their company and their motor car. Initially, the company used the name "Re Vere" in two separate words, see the January 1919 advertisement shown below:


This is a "Re Vere" advertisement from January 1919   ms

The ReVere factory has the single word "ReVere" on the wall, see photo below:

Revere factory showing the word "ReVere" as one word    ms

The names "Re Vere" and "ReVere" appear to have been used to sound special and attract potential buyers and the company made no reference initially to the American patriot, Paul Revere. 

It is believed that the emblem shown above at the top of this post was the first radiator emblem used by the ReVere Motor Car Corporation. This emblem is extremely rare but collectors should take care as there are good quality reproductions of this emblem, see example below:

This is a reproduction Revere radiator emblem    ms 

The ReVere emblem shown below is a hub emblem used on the early ReVere cars. This emblem is rare.

This is an early Revere hub emblem (date unknown)    mjs
Size:
 43mm diameter

Paul Revere did eventually become the company logo and appeared on the radiator emblem for motor cars produced by the Revere Motor Car Corporation, although I do not have an exact date for this change in logo. If you know when this change occurred, please let me know, so that this post can be updated.

The Revere radiator emblem shown below was the first emblem to depict Paul Revere. This emblem is very rare.

This is a Revere Motor Car Corporation radiator emblem (c1920-1922)    mjs
Size: 63mm diameter   MM: D L Auld

There are Pulfer reproductions of this emblem but they are so poorly designed that there is little likelihood that they could be mistaken for original emblems, see example below:

This is a reproduction Revere radiator emblem    ms

The following radiator emblem was used when the company became the Revere Motor Car Company in 1923. This emblem is extremely rare.

This is a Revere Motor Car Company radiator emblem (1923-1926)    mjs
Size: 63mm diameter    MM: Unknown